Gladstone, NJ - The third day of the George H. Morris Gladstone Program educated both horse and rider alike as the renowned horseman put the 10 riders through rigorous tests and challenges both on the flat and over fences. The devil is in the details provided the main focus for today's morning mounted sessions, with Morris focusing on the miniscule to enhance the eventual outcome of the riding pairs.
On the flat, riders practiced classical dressage, drastically furthering the suppleness of their horses with serpentine, shoulders in and out, haunches in and out, and flying lead changes on a straight line. Yesterday's lessons on forward positioning continued into today's teachings, and although the forward position is no longer "in style" as Morris commented, he preaches a forward seat for the welfare of the horse and contact of the rider in the saddle.
"People are too busy these days to study," Morris said while shaking his head. "They go to horse show after horse show. Everything we learned at Gladstone so many years ago is extinct. Everybody should read and learn everything that they can. I was fortunate enough to start and stay at the top of the sport. I am 76 years old, and I had one great teacher after another throughout my career, but I supplemented my knowledge on the horse with knowledge in the books."
Morris focused on working with the riders to use the aids of classical dressage, counter cantering and completing flying lead changes by using the inside leg and the outside rein. He executed the exercise aboard Sloane Coles' horse, balancing and straightening the horse and demonstrating a perfect flying change down each parallel of the ring as Brittni Raflowitz, Jacob Pope, Maggie McAlary, and Scott Lico followed in suit.
Morris asked each of the riders what they have observed, Pope answered, "I have really learned about the emphasis of the outside aids. They are a big part of what George has been saying. When we were doing the flying lead changes, so many of us wanted to pull on the inside rein to get the change, which is what we were taught, but when you use the outside aids it keeps them straight and you get a true lead change. I also think it is interesting that you get the horse straight by bending."
After working Coles' horse in the first group, Morris got down to the details. Correcting the positions of Coles' foot in the stirrup iron, commenting on the importance of maintaining a 90-degree angle next to the girth with one quarter of the foot in the iron while keeping the outside branch slightly ahead of the inside. Once the riders had shortened their stirrups and checked their girths for jumping, he had them begin with a lesson on impulsion.
The exercise began over a liverpool set with two wings on the side. Since the fence was positioned in the far corner, the riders had to move forward. The first couple of times the riders approached the fence behind the horse, teaching self-courage. Once the horse was confident, riders substituted leg for the seat allowing the horses to think forward.
Morris continued to challenge the groups with variations of fences, including a birch cross rail, an imposing double combination, and the liverpool. Each part of the exercise forced the riders to adjust their strides in an attempt to collect and lengthen while continuing their knowledge of the small details to assist with impulsion. When they were confirmed, the water obstacle was introduced.
"This is all about educating the horse, using different fences and using self initiative to make the horse carry us," Morris said. "You must think of the future, assisting the horse and training to prevent. You spend the first half of the horse's life training them to jump the water, and the second half of their life trying not to touch it."
Using repetition the riders completed each of the exercises until Morris would smile and announce, "A horse can't jump better than that. They just can't jump better. Horses need to jump for a reason, when they have learned, stop jumping. Do not over jump. "
Only one variation in the second group, consisting of Alec Bozorgi, Karina Busch, Katie Cox, Christi Israel and Savannah Talcott, separated the morning's lessons--the angle fence, which proved problematic for several of the riders. Each rider had to take the cross rail and use a left drift to angle correctly to the grey wall as part B of the double combination. Busch's horse, more inexperienced than its clinic counterparts, ran out on the obstacle several times, but Morris corrected the refusal with the inside leg and outside rein, moving the horse forward through the exercise. When the horses were ready, Morris added the triple bar to the progression, focusing on the double combination where the riders had to collect and stay straight.
"The United States forgot to be serious," Morris stated. "That's why we have big owners going to Europe for riders. Why would you want to have a kindergartener ride your horse when you could have a graduate? We got cocky, fat and happy. The U.S. has become content with business and money, losing the competitiveness of the sport."