The first horses have arrived at Greenwich Park, setting for the Olympic equestrian events at London 2012. The equine athletes’ trunks of equipment must undergo the equivalent of the airport-style “mag and bag” checks done on every person attending the Olympic Games. This has been done for the first 75 of 219 Olympic horses that have been through the specially constructed Equine Staging Facility (ESF) at Greenwich University over the past two days and all are now settled into their temporary new home by this evening.
The equine athletes have to undergo an even stricter screening process than the one that the human athletes go through before entering Olympic venues. On arrival at the ESF, horses are unloaded from their transport trucks and taken to temporary stabling, where an initial health check is carried out by a veterinary team to make sure that the horses have no signs of infectious disease or injury. This is standard bio-security procedure at all international events, and is the first layer of protection for the competition horses, and for the event itself.
Simultaneously, the horse transport trucks are checked inside and out using sniffer dogs. The sniffer dogs are also used to check the cargo. The cargo is then unloaded and scanned before being loaded onto separate trucks for delivery direct to the stables, with the grooms’ luggage also being delivered straight to their on-site accommodation.
The truck driver and passengers go through the normal screening processes, and they are allowed two pieces of hand baggage per person, all of which has to be scanned. Once the interior of the horse transporter has been screened, which takes around 20 minutes, the horses are reloaded, and the ramps and doors are then security sealed with tape from the outside. This is just a security measure, and the ramp and the doors can be opened in an emergency.
Then it’s off to the Olympic stables built at Greenwich Park, with an escort vehicle leading the way through the London traffic on a designated Olympic lane. After a short eight-kilometre journey, the horses arrive on Greenwich Park and are unloaded straight into their stables.
Once in their new homes, the horses then have a more complete health check which is carried out by the FEI Veterinary Commission, when the horses’ passports – yes horses do have passports – are checked to see that the horse’s markings match its passport. There are no photographs in equine passports, just a standard line drawing on which the horse’s unique identifying features, such as white marks, are noted. The passport also gives an up-to-date listing of all vaccinations administered to the horse.
Over the next couple of weeks, horses from 40 countries on six continents will be staying in Greenwich Park for the Olympic equestrian events, with 54 coming in for the Dressage and 90 for the Jumping after the Eventing horses have finished their competition. Busiest day of all will be 1 August when no fewer than 39 lorries and 88 horses will go through the ESF en route to Greenwich. And a further 78 horses will be on site during the Paralympic Games.
The stables, which are the equine equivalent of the Athletes Village in the Olympic Park, are all raised off the ground to protect the Greenwich Park grassland. There are 200 stable units in total, each one measuring 3.5x4 metres. There are also wash boxes, so the horses can have a shower after exercise or post-competition. And, if there’s a need for any veterinary assistance, there is a purpose-built 24-hour Veterinary Clinic on site.
A world-class team of equine veterinary experts is in place at London 2012 to safeguard horse health and provide the best possible care and attention to the equine athletes during the Games. As well as the London 2012 Veterinary Services team, the horses competing at Greenwich Park will be accompanied throughout the Games by their own personal and team veterinarians. It is not over-stating it to say that the horses are probably the most pampered athletes in the entire Games!
Photo caption: Heading into the Team GB stables at Greenwich Park (c) Kit Houghton/FEI